On February 12, 1966, the "Five Man Group" issued a report known as the February Outline (二月提纲). Ye Qun, épouse de Lin Biao, accède aussi au bureau politique. Révolution culturelle chinoise. Les affrontements provoquent des centaines de morts et de blessés. Since Mao wanted an army of bellicose people in his crusade, rhetoric at the time was reduced to militant and violent vocabulary. Wiltshire, Trea. Relations between the two governments soured. Les intellectuels, de même que les cadres du parti, sont publiquement humiliés, les mandarins et les élites bafoués, les valeurs culturelles chinoises traditionnelles et certaines valeurs occidentales sont dénoncées au nom de la lutte contre les « Quatre Vieilleries ». "[79] Even up until early 1969, participants of Mao-Zedong-Thought study classes in Beijing would return with mass-produced mango facsimiles and still gain media attention in the provinces. Un peu à la manière du courant alternatif, il va nous faire passer du rire avec Charlie Chaplin dans … Quand il disparaît le 9 septembre, Hua Guofeng préparait un coup d'État contre Jiang Qing, et Jiang Qing contre Hua Guofeng. During the Red August of Beijing, on August 8, 1966, the party's Central Committee passed its "Decision Concerning the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution," later to be known as the "Sixteen Points. The revolutionary committee also made a wax replica of the mango and displayed this as a centrepiece in the factory. [115], Official attempts to enforce the mourning restrictions included removing public memorials and tearing down posters commemorating Zhou's achievements. [197] Nevertheless, during the Cultural Revolution, Chinese scientists still managed to successfully test the first missile, create the first hydrogen bomb and launch the first satellite in the Two Bombs, One Satellite program. graves — qui prirent franchement à certaines occasions la forme d'un affrontement direct de deux peuples, tels les heurts devant le mausolée de Lénine entre la milice soviétique et des étudiants chinois, le siège en règle de l'ambassade de PU.R.S.S. Be the first. For an (earlier) French equivalent, see Serge Bianchi, La Révolution culturelle de l’an II: élites et peuple, 1789–1799 (Paris, 1982). Dans le parti s'opposent toujours des réformateurs et des conservateurs. [28], This text, which became known as the "May 16 Notification" (Chinese: 五一六通知; pinyin: Wǔyīliù Tōngzhī), summarized Mao's ideological justification for the Cultural Revolution. In the late 1970s, these students returned to their home cities. Après la conférence, Mao a pris un rôle semi-retraité et a laissé de nombreuses responsabilités à Liu Shaoqi et Deng Xiaoping[13]. Liu Shaoqi insisted on continuing work-team involvement and suppressing the movement's most radical elements, fearing that the movement would spin out of control. @prefix library: . With an expanding power base, in September 1978, Deng began openly attacking Hua Guofeng's "Two Whatevers".[124]. Food was in desperate shortage, and production fell dramatically. Forced to take major responsibility, in 1959, Mao resigned as the President of China, China's de jure head of state, and was succeeded by Liu Shaoqi, while Mao remained as Party chairman and Commander-in-chief. In the 1960s, while many scholars dismissed Mao's initiatives as ideological and destructive, others sympathized with his concern for equality, opposition to bureaucratism and corruption, and individual selfishness. On pourrait presque parler de tubes des années 80. The conference was heavily laden with Maoist political rhetoric on class struggle and filled with meticulously-prepared 'indictments' on the recently ousted leaders such as Peng Zhen and Luo Ruiqing. [114], The Gang of Four grew apprehensive that spontaneous, large-scale popular support for Zhou could turn the political tide against them. A booklet titled "Four Hundred Films to be Criticized" was distributed, and film directors and actors/actresses were criticized with some tortured and imprisoned. Vous pouvez en suivre les commentaires par le biais du flux RSS 2.0.Vous pouvez laisser un commentaire, ou faire un trackback depuis votre propre site. See all articles by Roland Clere Roland Clere. Meanwhile, in September 1972, Mao transferred a 38-year-old cadre from Shanghai, Wang Hongwen, to Beijing and made him Vice-Chairman of the Party. [117] The most apparent purpose of this memorial was to eulogize Zhou, but the Gang of Four were also attacked for their actions against the Premier. "[231], The xuanchuanhua were artworks produced by the government and sold cheaply in store to be displayed in homes or workplaces. Chinese historians compare the cultural suppression during the Cultural Revolution to Qin Shihuang's great Confucian purge. L'insupportable misère de l'hiver 1916-1917 fait éclater la révolution, en février. This is certainly for all who statte there was not a worthy of reading through. In the ethnic Korean areas of northeast China, language schools were destroyed. Nous devons purger la terre de toute la vermine et balayer tous les obstacles ! [218] These included many of Jiang Qing's rivals and former friends in the film industry, and those who died in the period included Cai Chusheng, Zheng Junli, Shangguan Yunzhu, Wang Ying, and Xu Lai. She allied herself with Wang Hongwen and propaganda specialists Zhang Chunqiao and Yao Wenyuan, forming a political clique later pejoratively dubbed as the "Gang of Four". Elle est alors déportée dans un laogai[109]. En 1966, Mao Zedong décide de lancer la révolution culturelle afin de consolider son pouvoir en s'appuyant sur la jeunesse du pays. Moreover, millions of people in China were violently persecuted, especially in the struggle sessions. It contains photographs, information, and directions for almost 650 Revolutionary War historic sites located throughout all twenty-one New Jersey counties. C'est ainsi que des milliers de sculptures et de temples (bouddhistes pour la plupart) sont détruits. Workers then filed by and each was given a spoonful of mango water. During the Cultural Revolution, the Communist China exported the "Communist Revolution" as well as the Communist ideology to multiple countries in Southeast Asia, supporting the communist parties in Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and in particular, the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia which was responsible for the Cambodian genocide. [228] Revolution-themed songs instead were promoted, and songs such as "Ode to the Motherland", "Sailing the Seas Depends on the Helmsman", "The East Is Red" and "Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China" were either written or became extremely popular during this period. Pour remplacer ces « vieilleries », huit opéras et ballets sont institués. [99] Moreover, Chen launched an assault on Zhang Chunqiao, a staunch Maoist who embodied the chaos of the Cultural Revolution, over the evaluation of Mao's legacy. 0. Although there is evidence that much of the destruction of religious institutions during the Cultural Revolution was in fact actually carried out by Red Guards of Tibetan ethnicity, it has since been laid entirely at the Chinese door. [275], Maoist sociopolitical movement intended to strengthen Chinese Communism, This article is about the Chinese sociocultural movement. It elicited an attack by Yao Wenyuan on the opera, and the attack is often considered the opening shot of the Cultural Revolution. RÉVOLUTION CULTURELLE EN CHINE, en bref. [235], China's historical sites, artifacts and archives suffered devastating damage, as they were thought to be at the root of "old ways of thinking." The damage was particularly pronounced in the capital, Beijing. Various historical sites throughout the country were destroyed. [101], By 1971, diverging interests between the civilian and military wings of the leadership were apparent. Similar Items. In A New Jersey Anthology Edited and compiled by Maxine N. Lurie. Like Deng, Hua wanted to reverse the damage of the Cultural Revolution; but unlike Deng, who wanted to propose new economic models for China, Hua intended to move the Chinese economic and political system towards Soviet-style planning of the early 1950s. Many revolutionary committees visited the mangoes in Beijing from outlying provinces; approximately half a million people greeted the replicas when they arrived in Chengdu.
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