Condé's father saw to it that his son received a thorough education – Louis studied history, law, and mathematics during six years at the Jesuits' school at Bourges. Conde is regarded as an excellent tactician, a fine strategist,[11] and one of the greatest French generals. In mid-1686, Louise Françoise, later known as 'Madame la Duchesse', contracted smallpox while at Fontainebleau; Condé helped nurse her back to health, and prevented Louis from seeing her for his own safety. Surnommé le Bon Duc , il est considéré par ses contemporains comme le modèle du prince idéal . He was now completely re-established in the favour of King Louis XIV, and with Turenne, was appointed the principal French commander in the celebrated campaign of 1672 against the Dutch. Pendant les troubles de la Fronde, il adopte une attitude ambiguë. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. He also rebelled against Louis XIV as the leader of the last Fronde in 1651, leading to his exile from France until 1659. Il eut également plusieurs enfants illégitimes : D'autres liaisons, Louis de Bourbon eut d'autres enfants naturels: By 1648, this had become an increasingly bitter, multi-sided conflict between the Spanish, the Catalan nobility supported by France, and the Catalan peasantry. The moral temper and philosophy of this prince, so removed from the conventional standards of his day, were revealed by his libertine youth and by doctrinally questionable relationships—among them that with Pierre-Michon Bourdelot, a philosopher and skeptical doctor, and with the philosopher Spinoza, whom he tried to meet in Holland—by his nonobservance of all religious practices, and by his aggressive atheism—despite his honourable fidelity to the Jesuits who had instructed him. Louis’s father died on Dec. 26, 1646, and he then became both prince de Condé and heir to an enormous fortune. [6], To remove Condé from Paris, Mazarin arranged for him to lead anti-Habsburg forces in the Catalan revolt known as the Reapers' War. CONDÉ, LOUIS II. 65703171, citing Abbaye de Souvigny, Souvigny, Departement de l'Allier, Auvergne, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave . 86693155, citing Church of Saint-Georges (Defunct), Vendome, Departement du Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France ; Maintained by Lutetia (contributor 46580078) . Although his youthful marriage to Claire Clémence de Maillé had brought him a dowry of 600,000 livres and many lands, Condé's lifelong resentment of his forced marriage to a social inferior persisted. In October 1652…, …Louis II de Bourbon (the Great Condé), broke the Spanish, Conquered in 1668 by the Great Condé in the War of Devolution but returned to Spain by the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (May 2, 1668), Franche-Comté was finally conquered for France by Condé in the last of the so-called Dutch Wars, the French annexation being recognized by the Peace of…. Louis de Bourbon b. Il défend d'abord le parti de la cour, la régence durant la minorité de Louis XIV étant assumée par sa mère Anne d'Autriche, secondée par le cardinal Mazarin, premier ministre, puis il prend parti contre Mazarin qu'il appelle « le faquin écarlate ». Il fit de solides études chez les Jésuites, à Bourges, et à l'âge de 17 ans, gouverna le duché de Bourgogne pour son père. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Il est le fils du prince Henri II de Bourbon-Condé et de Charlotte de Montmorency, et le frère d'Anne-Geneviève (connue sous le nom de Madame de Longueville, elle a joué un rôle important pendant la Fronde des princes) et de Armand de Bourbon-Condé, prince de Conti. He was sentenced to death as a rebel on Nov. 25, 1654. Condé's vast domains included Burgundy and Berry, while the Prince de Conti, his brother, held Champagne and his brother-in-law, Longueville, controlled Normandy. 1567 Benjamin de Bourbon b. Louis II, Duke of Bourbon was born in 1337, to Peter I, Duke of Bourbon and Isabella of Valois, Duchess of Bourbon. The resulting uncertain balance of power between crown and nobility inspired Condé to rebel himself, starting the far more serious Fronde des nobles. He married Marie-Adelaide de Savoie (1685-1712) 7 December 1697 . During the 1666 to 1667 War of Devolution, Condé proposed to the Marquis de Louvois, the Minister of War, a plan for seizing Franche-Comté, the execution of which was entrusted to him and successfully carried out. DE BOURBON, Prince of (1621–1686), called the Great Condé, was the son of Henry, prince of Condé, and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, and was born at Paris on the 8th of September 1621. Louis Capet de Bourbon-Vendome of France was born 16 August 1682 to Louis of France (1661-1711) and Maria Anna von Bayern (1660-1690) and died 18 February 1712 of unspecified causes. The second phase was a pale reflection of the aristocratic resistance during the Wars of Religion; and, although Condé succeeded in gaining control of Paris, he did not acquire the support of the Parlement except briefly and under duress. Even on his military campaigns he read the novels of Gaultier de Coste de La Calprenède, the histories of Livy, and the tragedies of Pierre Corneille. The Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1388 et comte de Forez par mariage. Duke of Orléans (French: Duc d'Orléans) was a French royal title usually granted by the King of France to one of his close relatives (usually a younger brother or son), or otherwise inherited through the male line. Genealogy profile for Louis Armand II de Bourbon, prince de Conti. French military leader. Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. …of the Princes, headed by the Great Condé. Louis was born in Paris, the son of Henri II de Bourbon, Prince of Condé and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency; the infant was immediately endowed with the title of Duke of Enghien. Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. With the marshal de Turenne, he was victorious at Freiburg, Philippsburg, Mainz, and Nördlingen. Enghien took part with distinction in the siege of Arras. He was opposed by Francisco de Melo, and the tercios of the Spanish army who were held to be the toughest soldiers in Europe. He followed his success at Rocroi with successes in the area of the Rhine at Thionville and Sierck. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon (4 Aug 1337–19 Aug 1410), Find a Grave Memorial no. Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité la monarchie française pendant plus d'un demi-siècle. For his military prowess he was called The Great Condé (Le Grand Condé). In January 1650, he was arrested, along with Conti and Longueville; imprisoned at Vincennes, and when asked if he needed reading material, he allegedly replied 'The memoirs of M de Beaufort,' who had made a dramatic escape from the same prison two years earlier.[7]. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 10:02. In 1643 Enghien was appointed to command against the Spanish in northern France. The duc d’Enghien won his first great victory over the Spaniards as head of the royal army at Rocroi (May 19, 1643). Source Escalier d’honneur du palais ducal de Moulins. His father gave to the duc d’Enghien, as the Great Condé was at first called, a complete and strict education: six years with the Jesuits at Bourges, as well as mathematics and horsemanship at the Royal Academy at Paris. Condé became a loyal supporter of Louis XIV, living quietly at the Château de Chantilly, an estate inherited from his uncle, Henri II de Montmorency. Bending his knee to the rising Sun King, Condé was pardoned and restored to his previous titles, but his power as an independent prince was broken.[2]. Director of the Municipal Council of Paris and General Council of the Seine, 1947–67. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Louis II de Bourbon-Condé est un cousin issu de germain de Louis XIV, leurs arrières grands-pères Louis Ier de Bourbon-Condé et Antoine de Bourbon étaient frères. His attitude both to religion and to politics was unorthodox, for he was as rebellious to ecclesiastical dogma as to the authority of the king. She was barely 13, and they began so badly that the cardinal summoned him to Narbonne (1642). It was the greatest French victory for a century and was due, beyond doubt, to his personal effort. 1569 He allegedly fathered a son by his mistress Isabelle de Limeuil , who served as Maid of Honour to Catherine de' Medici and was a member of her notorious group of female spies known at the French court as the "Flying Squadron". André Le Nôtre landscaped his park at Chantilly; Pierre Mignard and Charles Le Brun decorated the walls of his palace with mythological paintings; Antoine Coysevox sculpted a famous bust of him; and Pérelle and Jean Berain painted views of his palace. ... to be in doubt." The royal forces under Turenne defeated Condé at the Battle of the Faubourg St Antoine in July 1652, ending the Fronde as a serious military threat. He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, byname the Great Condé, French le Grand Condé, also called duc d’Enghien, (born Sept. 8, 1621, Paris, France—died Dec. 11, 1686, Fontainebleau), leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). The following year, again in the company of Louis XIV and of the army of Flanders, he had to reach Alsace, which had been threatened by Turenne’s death, hastily. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage. Updates? His last campaign was that of 1675 on the Rhine, where the army had been deprived of its general by the death of Turenne; and where by his careful and methodical strategy, he repelled the invasion of the Imperial army of Raimondo Montecuccoli. When in 1668 the king at last entrusted to his command the attack of the Spanish-held Franche-Comté, Condé took Artois, Besançon, Dôle, and Gray in 15 days. His position, however, soon became both politically and militarily untenable, and he left Paris (October 1652) to take service with the Spaniards, whose generalissimo he became. il sera vendu par le prince de … Condé is particularly celebrated for his triumphs in the Thirty Years' War, notably at Rocroi, and his campaigns against the Grand Alliance in the Franco-Dutch War. – Fontainebleau, 1686. december 11. Thereupon, his friends launched the second war of the Fronde, which ended with Condé’s release and Mazarin’s first voluntary exile. His father betrothed him to the young Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé (Cardinal de Richelieu’s niece) before his son’s departure to the army of Picardy, with which he, in July 1640, saw action before the siege of Arras. [1] His father was a first cousin-once-removed of Henry IV, the King of France, and his mother was an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families. Condé, however, again tried to extract too high a price for his goodwill toward the queen regent. His deathbed conversion is not entirely convincing, for it came at the end of a life without religion. Having completed the evacuation of the United Provinces, he halted the prince of Orange’s army at Seneffe in the Spanish Netherlands (Aug. 11, 1674), then raised the siege of Oudenarde. Louis II Capet de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Forez, Baron of Combrailles, was born 4 February 1337 to Pierre I de Bourbon (1311-1356) and Isabella de Valois (1313-1383) and died 10 August 1410 inMontluçon of unspecified causes. His father betrothed him to Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, niece of Cardinal Richelieu, before he joined the army in 1640. Condé only escaped when the Duchess of Montpensier persuaded the Parisians to open the gates; in September, he and a few loyalists defected to Spain. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon-Vendome (1612–6 Aug 1669), Find a Grave Memorial no. Bourdaloue attended him at his death-bed, and Bossuet pronounced his elegy. At the Battle of Rocroi, Enghien himself conceived and directed the decisive victory. Louis II, 3 e duc de Bourbon, byname Louis the Good, French Louis le Bon, (born 1337—died August 19, 1410), duke of Bourbon (from 1356), count of Clermont and of Forez. Turenne and his brother the Duke of Bouillon were among those who had escaped arrest; they now demanded the prisoners' freedom, leading to a short-lived alliance between the Fronde des nobles and the Fronde des parlements. Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686), known as the Great Condé (French: Le Grand Condé) for his military exploits, was a French general and the most illustrious representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. Though he was without doubt, with Turenne, the greatest captain of his day, he was also a man of unrestrained temper and limitless pride—in himself, his race, and his house. The Prince's retirement, which was only broken by the Polish question and by his personal intercession on behalf of Fouquet in 1664, ended in 1668. Historian. X de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Bourbon (1657, Breda – 28 September 1660, Paris), also died in infancy. But a change in his destiny came with the civil wars of the Fronde. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1388 et comte de Forez par mariage. 1685 mariage de Louis III de Bourbon, Prince de Condé 1668-1710 et de Louise Françoise de Bourbon Domaines et résidences 1646 : hôtel du Petit Luxembourg, hérite de l'hôtel. II. He also conducted a brilliant campaign in Flanders (1646). He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. Louis II de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686), known as the Great Condé (French: Le Grand Condé) for his military exploits, was a French general and the most illustrious representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. In 1643 his success at the Battle of Rocroi, in which he led the French army to an unexpected and decisive victory over the Spanish, established him as a great general and popular hero in France. Condé conquered the Franche-Comté during the War of Devolution and led the French armies in the Franco-Dutch War together with Turenne. Thenceforth, he comported himself as a humble and loyal servant of the king, who, however, was long at pains to keep him from any military command. At the end of his life, Condé specially sought the companionship of Bourdaloue, Pierre Nicole, and Bossuet, and devoted himself to religious exercises. But he was also a man of wide intellectual interests, of unconventional habits, and possessed of an uncommonly sound independence of mind. Louis II de Bourbon, victorious at the Battle of Rocroi during the Thirty Years' War. Then, totally restored to Louis XIV’s favour, Condé, with Turenne, was placed by the king in command of the army that was going to invade the United Provinces of the Netherlands (1672). $55.99 — Paperback "Please retry" $53.75 . During the Fronde, he was courted by both sides, initially supporting Mazarin; he later became a leader of the princely opposition. Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon (20 September 1652, Bordeaux – 11 April 1653, Bordeaux), died in infancy. English: Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé 8 September, 1621 – 11 November, 1686) was a French soldier and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon.Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. [2] He also won Richelieu's favor when he was present with the Cardinal during the plot of Cinq Mars, and afterwards fought in the Siege of Perpignan (1642). Among his early victories in the Thirty Years War [2] were those of Rocroi (1643), Freiburg (1644), Nördlingen (1645), and Lens (1648). He later became one of King Louis XIV’s greatest generals. He also rebelled against Louis XIV a… Here he assembled a brilliant circle of literary men, including Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Nicole, Bourdaloue, and Bossuet. [3] Although she bore her husband three children, Enghien later claimed she committed adultery with different men in order to justify locking her away at Châteauroux, but the charge was widely disbelieved: Saint-Simon, while admitting that she was homely and dull, praised her virtue, piety and gentleness in the face of relentless abuse.[4]. His will admitted no constraint, and his arrogance augured nothing for his equals but distrust. During the first of these wars, he conducted the siege of Paris (January–March 1649) for the government but afterward behaved with such arrogance as the government’s saviour that Mazarin, in collusion with his former opponents, had Condé, his brother, and their brother-in-law the duc de Longueville (Henri d’Orléans) arrested on Jan. 18, 1650, when they were in attendance at court. As Mazarin had intended, Condé could achieve little; however, a Spanish revival in the Low Countries led to his recall and victory at Lens in August 1648. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage.Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité … Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). After this campaign, prematurely worn out by toils and excesses, and tortured by gout, Condé returned to the Château de Chantilly, where he spent his last eleven years in quiet retirement. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When she took up the challenge, he launched an open rebellion in the southwest (September 1651), allied himself with Spain, and made his way to Paris, where he was able for a time to defy the royal army commanded by Turenne. The Great Condé was the elder son of Henry II de Bourbon, 3rd prince de Condé, and of his wife, Charlotte de Montmorency. In 1673, he was again engaged in the Low Countries, and in 1674, he fought his last great battle, the Battle of Seneffe, against William of Orange. A cultivated man, according to Mlle de Scudéry, who depicted him in her novel Artamène, ou le Grand Cyrus (1649–53), he was also a patron of the arts. At seventeen, in the absence of his father, he governed Burgundy. Louis de Bourbon-Condé, Enghien hercege (Párizs, 1621. szeptember 8.
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