IV (Munich, 1981), pp.457-458, H. Rabe, Deutsche Geschichte 1500-1600 (Munich, 1991), pp. In 1499/1500 he conquered it and drove the Sforza regent Lodovico il Moro into exile. Très peu de monarques ont même essayé de s’appeler empereur car ils ne pouvaient prouver aucun lien avec Rome et ceux qui se sont appelés empereurs comme Philippe Ier d’Espagne ont été complètement ignorés jusqu’à ce qu’ils cessent de s’appeler ainsi. The Dauphin, now Charles VIII, was still a minor, and his regent until 1491 was his sister Anne. [7], Maximilian and Mary's wedding contract stipulated that their children would succeed them but that the couple could not be each other's heirs. Maximian, Latin in full Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, (born c. ad 250, Sirmium, Pannonia Inferior—died 310, Massilia [now Marseille, France]), Roman emperor with Diocletian from ad 286 to 305. Maximilian I (22 March 1459 – 12 January 1519) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death. All worksSee all; Museums (204,648) Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris (42,899) Palais Galliera, musée de la Mode de la Ville de Paris (42,558) Petit Palais, musée des Beaux-arts de la Ville de Paris (18,081) Maison de Victor Hugo - Hauteville House (9,938) Musée d’Art moderne de Paris (4,632) Musée Cernuschi, musée des Arts de l’Asie de la Ville de Paris [43] In this vein, he commissioned a series of three monumental woodblock prints: The Triumphal Arch (1512–18, 192 woodcut panels, 295 cm wide and 357 cm high – approximately 9'8" by 11'8½"); and a Triumphal Procession (1516–18, 137 woodcut panels, 54 m long), which is led by a Large Triumphal Carriage (1522, 8 woodcut panels, 1½' high and 8' long), created by artists including Albrecht Dürer, Albrecht Altdorfer and Hans Burgkmair. Maximilian I (Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph Maria, Spanish: Fernando Maximiliano José María de Habsburgo-Lorena; 6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867) was an Austrian archduke who reigned as the only Emperor of the Second Mexican Empire from 10 April 1864 until his execution on 19 June 1867. As part of the Treaty of Arras, Maximilian betrothed his three-year-old daughter Margaret to the Dauphin of France (later Charles VIII), son of his adversary Louis XI. [13] The local rulers wanted more independence from the Emperor and a strengthening of their own territorial rule. This led to Maximilian agreeing to establish an organ called the Reichsregiment, which met in Nuremberg and consisted of the deputies of the Emperor, local rulers, commoners, and the prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire. [34][35] By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [31][32] The marriages arranged there brought Habsburg kingship over Hungary and Bohemia in 1526. [30], Years later, in order to reduce the growing pressures on the Empire brought about by treaties between the rulers of France, Poland, Hungary, Bohemia, and Russia, as well as to secure Bohemia and Hungary for the Habsburgs, Maximilian met with the Jagiellonian kings Ladislaus II of Hungary and Bohemia and Sigismund I of Poland at the First Congress of Vienna in 1515. Au sommet des États princiers se placent les États des Habsbourg, en possession de la couronne impériale depuis 1438 : Autriche, Tyrol, Alsace, Styrie, Carinthie et Carniole (qui sont des possessions héréditaires), auxquels s'ajoutent les États acquis grâce au mariage de Maximilien Ier et Marie de Bourgogne : P… This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Maximian, Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors - Biography of Maximianus Herculius. His Garter stall plate survives in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.[52]. Maximian, Roman emperor with Diocletian from ad 286 to 305. [5], The Duchy of Burgundy was also claimed by the French crown under Salic Law,[6] with Louis XI of France vigorously contesting the Habsburg claim to the Burgundian inheritance by means of military force. Titel Inhalt Übersicht - Édicta un des derniers décrets de persécution contre les chrétiens en 303 Maximilian I (Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph Maria, Spanish: Fernando Maximiliano José María de Habsburgo-Lorena; 6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867) was an Austrian archduke who reigned as the only Emperor of the Second Mexican Empire from 10 April 1864 until his execution on 19 June 1867. Corrections? La Cour de Rome et l'empereur Maximilien, rapports de la cour de Rome avec le gouvernement mexicain, accompagnés de deux lettres de l'empereur Maximilien et de l'impératrice Charlotte. In 1508, Maximilian, with the assent of Pope Julius II, took the title Erwählter Römischer Kaiser ("Elected Roman Emperor"), thus ending the centuries-old custom that the Holy Roman Emperor had to be crowned by the Pope. "[36], Maximilian's policies in Italy had been unsuccessful, and after 1517 Venice reconquered the last pieces of their territory. This influence lasted for centuries and shaped much of European history.
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